Iceland takes an active part in fisheries cooperation within several international fisheries organisations. The Directorate of Fisheries participates in the work of NEAFC and NAFO and is involved in work regarding bilateral agreements between Iceland and several neighboring costal states.
THE NORTH EAST ATLANTIC FISHERIES COMMISSION (NEAFC)
The Convention on future multilateral cooperation in North East Atlantic Fisheries entered into force in 1982. The Contracting Parties are Denmark (on behalf of the Faeroe Islands and Greenland), the European Union, Iceland, Norway, and Russia. The NEAFC Secretariat is located in London.
The objective of the Convention is to promote the conservation and optimal utilisation of the fishery resources of the North East Atlantic area. The Commission can make binding recommendations concerning fisheries conducted beyond the areas under fisheries jurisdiction of Contracting Parties.
Further information on NEAFC, total allowable catches within the convention etc., can be found on the NEAFC website, www.neafc.org.
THE NORTHWEST ATLANTIC FISHERIES ORGANIZATION (NAFO)
NAFO is a regional fisheries body that incorporates scientific advice and management and was established in 1979. In 2009 NAFO had 12 member countries. The NAFO Secretariat is located in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Icelandic vessels have in recent years not been active in fisheries within the NAFO Convention Area even though Iceland has rights in shrimp fisheries in the area. Icelandic redfish vessels are also authorized to catch part of the Icelandic redfish quota issued by NEAFC within the NAFO area.
Further information about NAFO can be found on the NAFO website, www.nafo.int.
COOPERATION AND AGREEMENTS WITH OTHER NATIONS
The Icelandic government has undergone agreements of cooperation with Norway, Russia, Greenland, EU and The Faroe Islands. Those are bilateral fisheries agreements as well as control agreements and agreements regarding catch information and information on fisheries and the monitoring of fishing activity through satellite driven vessel monitoring systems (VMS).
These agreements form the foundation of cooperation with the competent authorities in the respective countries. The Directorate of Fisheries plays an important role in this respect.